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Cameras and Tripods

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Seeing zebra stripes on the viewfinder indicates that the image ____.
A.
is not lit well enough
B.
has too much light on it
C.
is out of focus
D.
is not color balanced
 

 2. 

To increase the clarity of the image when playing back video in slow motion, you should increase ____.
A.
shutter speed
B.
gain level
C.
aperture size
D.
f-stop
 

 3. 

Subjective camera shots are obtained when the ____.
A.
camera focuses only on the most important object in the shot
B.
camera’s viewpoint becomes a character’s eyes
C.
camera smoothly moves as the operator walks, runs, or climbs a staircase
D.
camera increases its shutter speed
 

 4. 

Which of the following should be used to clean a dirty lens?
A.
Household glass cleaner.
B.
Lens cleaning paper (tissue).
C.
Saliva.
D.
Blow on the lens with your breath.
 

 5. 

A camera is “hot” when ____.
A.
it is being raised or lowered on a pedestal
B.
the lens is zoomed in on a particular object
C.
the image captured by the camera is being recorded
D.
zebra stripes appear on the viewfinder
 

 6. 

A ____ lens allows a shot to be focused on an object nearly touching the lens of the camera.
A.
micro
B.
macro
C.
mini
D.
minimum
 

 7. 

The process of changing focus while a camera is hot is called ____.
A.
hit focus
B.
curl focus
C.
rack focus
D.
None of the above.
 

 8. 

DC power (battery) should be used for this type of program   
A.
sporting events
C.
plays and concerts
B.
long programs like football games
D.
short programs like news interviews and standups
 

 9. 

When focusing manually, the subject will stay in focus (for the most part) if
A.
the distance from the camera to the subject doesn’t change
C.
you zoom all the way in to focus on the subject
B.
there is plenty of light
D.
all of these
 

 10. 

The most important thing to do to make sure the tripod is set up level is   
A.
move the pedastal up so it is even with the person's chin
C.
to keep the legs folded in so all are the same length
B.
mount the camera on the tripod before you set it up
D.
with the legs folded out, eye up the pedastal so it looks leve
 

 11. 

The tripod friction/lock control perpendicular to you (sticking out the side) is
A.
tilt control
C.
pedestal control
B.
pan control
D.
all of these
 

 12. 

AC power should be used for this type of program
A.
short programs like interviews and standups
C.
long programs like sports events, plays, and concerts
B.
news stories and cutaways
D.
all of these
 

 13. 

Incorrect white balance on an outdoor scene (white balanced for indoors) will result in
A.
everything looking greenish in color
C.
everything looking reddish in color
B.
everything looking blueish in color
D.
the colors looking just right
 

 14. 

The macro focus on the camera lens is for capturing graphics close-up. To get steady cutaways of an extreme close-up graphic, you must use
A.
a tripod and copy board to hang graphic on
C.
a light meter and copy stand filter
B.
super macro focus
D.
a steadycam attachment
 

 15. 

The external microphone (and headphone) should be used on a camcorder when doing
A.
sporting events and concerts
C.
marching bands in a parade
B.
interviews and standups for news stories
D.
all of these
 

 16. 

To white balance a camera manually you must reference all colors to white by   
A.
zooming in on something white and pushing the manual white balance button
C.
putting something white in front of the camera and hitting the record button
B.
balancing 3200 degree K light with 5600 degree K light
D.
setting up a 3 point lighting system
 

 17. 

To connect video from the camera to the SEG (video mixer) you should plug an RCA video cable from the camera video out to the SEG
A.
video out
C.
aux in
B.
audio in
D.
video in
 

 18. 

The macro setting on the lens is automatic on most new cameras, however, in order for the camera lens to automatically macro focus, it must
A.
be fully zoomed in
C.
be fully zoomed out
B.
be within the focal length of the subject to camera ratio
D.
be set to manual focus
 

 19. 

Before you ask your first question for an interview, a good technique to use in order to make sure you have adequate pre-roll is to   
A.
ask the question on camera
C.
tell the interviewee what to say
B.
roll the tape for 5 to 10 seconds before asking the question
D.
have the interviewee pronounce and correctly spell his/her name
 

 20. 

The first camera exercise we did had us record 5 shots with and without a tripod. The point of shooting multiple shots was to demonstrate
A.
how to shoot different shots (close-up, medium, long shot)
C.
close-up shots need looking room without a tripod
B.
that if you don't have a tripod, you should zoom out to a long shot and move closer to subject to get a steady shot
D.
that a tripod is better than a hand-held shot
 

 21. 

When transporting the camera and tripod to a new location (like down to the commons to do some interviews) you should
A.
sling the camera over your shoulder with the camera still attached
C.
hold the tripod securely in a vertical position so the camera doesn't hit anything
B.
hold the tripod with your right and and steady the camera with your left
D.
remove the camera from the tripod and carry them separately
 

 22. 

The tripod friction/lock control that is pointed straight up (black Bogen) is
A.
pan
C.
pedestal
B.
tilt
D.
dolly
 

 23. 

.  The last camera exercise we did had us shooting an entire scene to show the difference between "home movies" and professional looking TV programs (using the same equipment). This camera technique is called
A.
electronic field production (EFP)
C.
in-camera editing
B.
electronic news gathering (ENG)
D.
shooting with a tripod
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

Studio cameras are often taken into the field for remote shooting.
 

 2. 

The viewfinders on studio cameras are usually 1² in diameter.
 

 3. 

Adjusting the gain control can brighten a dark image somewhat, but the side effect is that the image becomes grainy.
 

 4. 

Zebra stripes alert the camera operator that the level of incoming audio is too high.
 

 5. 

Using auto-focus on a camera enhances the operator’s ability to obtain creatively-composed shots.
 

 6. 

Zooming from a wide shot to a close-up does not create the feeling of the camera moving physically into the set.
 

 7. 

Professional camera operators hand-hold a camera as much as possible.
 

 8. 

Always use two hands when shooting with a hand-held camera.
 

 9. 

A friction head tripod is the best tripod for smooth camerawork.
 

 10. 

Pre-focusing a zoom lens is a two-step process.
 

 11. 

Most shots on television have great depth of field.
 

 12. 

The number of lighting instruments used in a shot determines the depth of field.
 

 13. 

The rule of thirds requires that the most important object in a shot be in the center of a tic-tac-toe grid imposed on the camera viewfinder.
 

 14. 

A large shot that tells the reader where and when the action is taking place is called a natural shot.
 

 15. 

A high angle shot is achieved when the camera is positioned higher than the subject in the shot and is tilted to look down on the subject.
 

 16. 

To get a shot that imparts neutral feelings toward an individual, the camera lens should be at eye level of the talent.
 

 17. 

Pedestal is a studio camera mount, as well as a camera movement.
 

 18. 

All video programs begin with a Fade in from black and end with a fade to black.   
 

 19. 

Zooms are natural looking transitions that add excitement and professionalism to your video program.
 

 20. 

Even though you don't need 10 seconds of video for pre-roll like you did in the old days of tape to tape editing, four or five seconds pre-roll is still recommended for computerized (non-linear) editing systems.   
 

 21. 

All cameras, tripods, batteries (except if not charged) should be put away in appropriate cases and cabinets with all appropriate parts included before you leave the classroom.
 

Matching
 
 
Match the shot abbreviation to the corresponding shot description.
A.
CU
B.
MS
C.
ELS
D.
ECU
E.
DOF
F.
LS
G.
MCU
H.
MLS
 

 1. 

A person from head to toe and as much more as possible.
 

 2. 

A person from around the middle of the chest to the top of the head.
 

 3. 

A person from just above or below the knees to the top of the head.
 

 4. 

A person from head to toe.
 

 5. 

A person including the top of the shoulders to the top of the head.
 

 6. 

A person from just above or below the waist to the top of the head.
 

 7. 

A shot of an eye.
 
 
Match the camera movement illustrations with the corresponding script abbreviation.
A.
grp002-1.jpg
B.
grp002-2.jpg
C.
grp002-3.jpg
D.
grp002-4.jpg
E.
grp002-5.jpg
F.
grp002-6.jpg
G.
grp002-7.jpg
H.
grp002-8.jpg
I.
grp002-9.jpg
J.
grp002-10.jpg
K.
grp002-11.jpg
L.
grp002-12.jpg
 

 8. 

Dolly Out
 

 9. 

Dolly In
 

 10. 

Tilt Up
 

 11. 

Tilt Down
 

 12. 

Pan Left
 

 13. 

Pan Right
 

 14. 

Truck Right
 

 15. 

Truck Left
 

 16. 

Pedestal Up
 

 17. 

Pedestal Down
 

 18. 

Arc Right
 

 19. 

Arc Lleft
 



 
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